What is sciatica?
Sciatica is not a disease but a medical condition that involves the following symptoms:
Constant pain in the lower back and one leg, rarely both
The pain worsens when a person sits
Burning sensation and heat in the leg
Weakness, numbness or inability to move the legs or feet
The person has difficulty when standing or walking
The most common causes of sciatica:
Disc herniation: Sometimes called the snap disc, slipped disc, cutting disc, flowing out disk or tightened nerve.
Degenerative disc disease: This condition occurs when the weakening disc results in excessive micro-movements in the level of the spine while inflammatory proteins from inside the disk become exposed and irritate the area.
Isthmic spondylolisthesis: When one vertebrae slips on the one below it due to a small fracture of the piece of bone that connects the two joints at the back of the spinal segment.
Lumbar spinal stenosis: is characterized by a narrowing of the spinal canal.
Piriformis syndrome: When the piriformis muscle pinches a nerve root of the sciatic nerve.
Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction: Causes irritation of the sacral joint.
Pregnancy: Weight gain, changes in center of gravity of the person and hormonal changes as a result of pregnancy can cause sciatica.
Scar: When scar tissue presses the nerve root.
Muscle strain: When inflammation of the muscles puts pressure on the nerve root.
Spinal tumors: tumors in the lower back can press the nerve root.
Possible treatment options:
Most doctors recommend bed rest. Other methods include the use of medications to relieve pain and inflammation and to relax the muscles. However, exercises can also alleviate the symptoms of sciatica.
In the next video you can see which exercises help in relieving chronic pain due to sciatica: